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IRS Form 990T The ESOP owns with JPL/Caltech the JPL campus with a leveraged ESOP

IRS Form 990T The ESOP owns with JPL/Caltech the JPL campus with a leveraged ESOP; applicability to the Caltech/JPL campus

24 years ago I proposed that a public hospital could set up a for-profit entity that Public hospitals commonly do to sell in home health care or hospital equipment.My proposal was much more grandiose, it involved the public hospital setting up a for-profit subsidiary that would be owned by an ESOP.The ESOP would be a leveraged ESOP That borrows funds to purchase a majority of the public hospital’s assets to include buildings and operations.The public hospital would remain the operating entity and the trustee of the ESOP.The case I used was Erlanger Hamilton county hospital system of Chattanooga back in 1996.It is worth about $500 million and my plan as of 15 years ago would  be that the IRS would allow both a 203 B and a ESOP to coexist side by side only if the hospital placed the $500 million sale to the Leveraged ESOP into a 501 C research trust, this is a trust that is most familiar as the Howard Hughes research trust.


I thought to myself that this could work when I was listening to the talks at OPAG 2017 by Janet vertesi and Amanda Zangarari and  Louis Procter.long voyages by project team members who seek to share diversity  and leadership and science advancements together are better served by my ESOP model, and that would be that the private-public partnership model that is Caltech/JPL and NASA be expanded in a bold new significant way to include the employees of JPL and by extension any JPL AO mission scientists.

let me go through the Leveraged ESOP steps as for Erlanger case; The employer(JPL?) or (Caltech)sets up a for-profit subsidiary that is owned by the ESOP, the ESOP trustee borrows the amount needed to purchase most of the JPL campus and operations.This might be several $ Billions The ESOP pays down the loan with cash flows to JPL over 30 t0 50 years.The loan as its paid off becomes equity in the ESOP that the JPL employees own.We need to ask the IRS for a private letter ruling to allow the nonprofit local government 203 pension plans to continue and for the ESOP to be in place since both together will eventually produce contributions by the employer over the 20% maximum.

I propose society has an interest in allowing employees and employers to contribute more than 20% of income in cases where the purchase price goes into a 501C research ch institute, after all, I propose the research institute is also a related to the hospital or educational entity, or the research trust funds participating scientists program of its own.

What does this mean for a JPL or other entity AO?The employees on a JPL planetary mission would have ownership interests and JPL would have to adopt ESOP participations standards and democracy IE doesn’t abuse the ESOP ethic.The mission itself I think must adopt these ideas.a flagship mission cash flows pay down some of the leveraged dept contributing to the JPL capital that becomes equity in the JPL ESOP.

Can a NASA AO allow a NASA developed spacecraft to build a second spacecraft paid for by the JPL ESOP and leased for 30 years?

NASA leases an Ice Giant planetary mission from the JPL ESOP partnership and the mission scientists actually own the future mission

legalitys of spacecraft leasing and data purchase and FAR

The next blog entry will discuss more the grand unified AO and sub-AO’s

My OPEG 2017 proposal for a social contract between Planetary scientists “work aunts” for a future Ice Giant mission AO

I attended the OPAG 2017 conference in Atlanta Ga this week, where I was privileged to be able to ask questions of presenters and on one occasion to present an idea.The idea was inspired by the talk at OPAG 2017 of a resident OPAG sociologist who gave a talk on diversity that brought back thoughts I had when a UM-Flint Anthropology major.The “resident” OPAG sociologist talk was given by Janet Vertesi of Princeton(Diverse & Inclusive mission teams (NF-4 AO language)-How to achieve that goal).She discussed the dangers and harm to diversity goals on science missions if the minority is only 1 person(the “Token”) or harm if the minority groups to include Gender if their percentages are below 30% on a team.One of her many recommendations was to have men who have flown successful planetary missions to be good “work uncles” and to look after and watch out for tokenism and backlashes from others and to ensure that female and minority team members are allowed to develop as the mission advances.

My Hypothesis is however that there are females who have long been on these missions who are now in leadership positions who could become or are or have been “Work Aunts”and that these work aunts could propose to an AO a teaming arrangement that incorporates a leadership succession and sharing plan that accounts for a decade-long  planetary mission.leadership sharing is an idea inspired by a talk at OPAG 2017 given by Louis Procter entitled (participating scientist study) This topic is of interest to me because of my 4-decade long membership of the NCEO or National center of employee ownership, there we discuss employee empowerment and leadership as a part of and motivation for employee ownership.Here might be a connection and a subject worth studying in planetary science mission team building.It is also important for the work Aunts to be responsible for ensuring that males make up at least 30% of any spacecraft and instrument team.

How to build a social contract on an Ice Giant planetary mission?(and how to design a mission tour)

There was a talk by a graduate student Amanda Zangarari entitled “Giant planet-KBO flyby” This talk reflected past proposals such as ARGO that suggested giant planet and ice giants flybys could use gravitational assists to Centaurs and KBO’s.Zangari talk had images of cones of 60 degrees from Uranus and Neptune showing the range of targets that could be explored with ice giant flybys.

My response was to approach the mic and tell Ms. Zangarari that we might be kindred spirits, I mentioned I believe that utilizing spacecraft for as many objects of interest furthers the decadal survey process and goals except I asked her to consider the proposed two spacecraft ice giant missions and that she was now the principal investigator and that the Neptune orbital mission uses retrograde Triton to get to her chosen centaur/trojan/KBO**.This is, of course, would be the plan presented to the AO from before launch that the PI and other instrument PI will rotate over the course of the mission and this to honor thoughts from Procter, Vertesi, and Rappolee.

**my doodle of ice giant orbital escape utilizing satellites gravity assists (Okutsu) Ms. Amanda Zangarari came over to my seat and took a photograph of the first image which is the original.(should be retrograde for Triton)Ms.Zangarari’s talk had 60-degree cones that reflect the energies of planetary flybys and velocity, my doodle might reflect smaller cones? Ms.Zangarari and I discussed that my version allows for satellites of ice giants to gravitational deflect spacecraft back from ice giants to centaurs inward towards Saturn(Chiron)

It should be an OPAG finding that Work Aunt and Uncles should incorporate ice giant escape from orbit to satisfy planetary quarantine requirements

For reference, the B plane I tried to draw for Triton is better viewed here with this image that Mr. Lasher (retired) gave me years ago.Mr. Lasher was astrodynamics specialist to the Voyager and pioneer programs with Dr. Stone.


Okutsu would replace Jupiter B-plane with Titan B-plane for his Cassini Saturn escape study okutsu_cassini_saturn_escape And we propose to the Nasa Planetary protection officer & OPAG & SBAG that Uranus & Neptune missions require a ballistic and or SEP escape from orbit in the event of a possible biotic condition discovery.Indeed we propose such trajectories be mandated for some proposed ocean worlds.I think this could be required on a weighted scale based on probability. Such studies should take on the “opportunity costs” of planetary impact VS additional targets.A “CubeSat” could do the ice giant core gravitational moment measurements.We simply do not know if there are more Enceladus’s out there.

I enjoy thinking about human space anthropology and archaeologyJupiter B plane astrodynamics image for visual learners

The ULA or (insert your company here) Funded leveraged ESOP feasibility study to create new customers ( the new customer spin off)

The ULA or(insert your company here) Funded leveraged ESOP feasibility study to create new customers ( the new customer spin-off). ULA funds a Leveraged ESOP feasibility on behalf of terrestrial & cislunar exploration technologies to purchase Delta IV LH2 propellant tanks outfitted as space stations

These LH2 propellant tanks would initially  be  white tail tanks.

Most likely these Delta IV LH2 propellant tanks would be lofted by Vulcan launchers do to costs and possibly to reduce the height of the vehicle, this would require an adapter to the core Vulcan stage.We have asked ULA to assit us in using or modifying the New ULA rocket builder to make a case for this.

Use of a ULA ACES as a cryocooler for IR CubeSat space telescopes utilizing a Neon expansion ratio battery

Use of a ULA ACES as a cryocooler for IR CubeSat space telescopes utilizing a Neon expansion battery


A new paper we have found gives insight into the power of cryogenic Neon expansion ratios,

Martins, D., Borges P. de Sousa, I. Catarino, and G. Bonfait. “40 K Liquid Neon Energy Storage Unit.” Physics Procedia. 67 (2015): 1193-1198.

(A)(1) use the Cryogenic Xenon thermal Battery to cool CubeSat IR telescopes held in a Ring or other cube sat deployment mechanism with the exception that they would remain attached to the upper stage.

(A)(2) The Cryogenic Thermal battery would be cooled at first by ACES LH2 propellent; Cryogenic Neon expansion gas expelled to ACES LH2 tank after LH2 exhaustion.(3)ULA ACES internal combustion engine redesigned to burn GH2 and GO2 with Neon and other Noble gas contaminants with H2O exhausted back with the Neon into the ACES propellant tanks to freeze out for later resource utilization See here and for possible Neon reuse without H2O contamination the Neon thermal battery See here,(4) thermal expansion battery also might produce its own electricity by expanding the gas through an impeller or turbine or Stirling engine(5) solar arrays allow us to bank the gases H2 and O2 for internal combustion engine for planetary and lunar shadow.

(B)(1) Many space telescopes CubeSats with cryogenic cooling brings this capability to the university level investigation and a first target could be the lunar poles.

Golf Course Sugar Maple “polyculture”

Golf Course Sugar Maple “polyculture”

The USDA does not subsidize Maple syrup or maple wood products and more importantly does not keep Sugar maple trees in its botanical collections

The University of Cornell in New York state does have a Sugar Maple experiment station with a botanical collection.Our idea is that the university in all Sugar Maple producing states could set up university golf courses for students and staff that would generate revenue and host sugar maple experiment stations and this could be a model for other university agricultural experiment stations.Are there for example agricultural experiments for the grasses?(yes) could we incorporate prairie grasses as traps in a golf course?

Phase 2 RPS RFP Air Force EELV synergies with reusable/recoverable SSME/RS-25 and other engine manufacters

the post is made without using any information in the  Phase 2 RPS RFP Bidder’s Library, and only uses information that is in the public domain and ideas from previous posts from this blog

My company signed an NDA to this effect not to disclose anything to be found there, I am hoping however that the bidders list and contractors Q & A forms might become public in some form with the permission of the Air Force and those contractors some day as those are a teachable moment for students  and the public.

So the blog posts here have to do with synergies between government agency’s(NASA and AF/DOD NRO) and perhaps the international ISS partners who might have an  American subsidiary here in America.

The Air Force wants products that can withstand the commercial marketplace and the earlier draft RPS talked of synergy’s with other government customers so that the thought that occurs to us is that the RPS RFP has Congressional mandated language in regards to our Russian ISS partners, it does not have language that prohibits European contractors

ULA  and Ariane space have proposed methods to recover engines from first stages, SpaceX also proposes to recover the first stage and the air force requires that any bidder shares this with all providers.

We think that the Europeans could build their winged fly-back the vehicle in both the unites states and Europe and recover the SSME/RS-25 and their engine from their launch vehicle.We would need a winged flyback vehicle to recover a two SSME engine core EELV. An SLS strap On? if this was a 3 SSME engine core CBC might not be recoverable by air as ULA suggests and would require the winged lander.

We contend along with the white house that a kerosene engine without a launch vehicle warrants a veto threat, it should be noted the RFP will not consider such a proposal in any event.So lets examine this idea, If the air force wants to share of the product you would want to submit separate bids for your launcher and engine, The engine must be sold to all your launch vehicle not so….

Delta IV(and EELV) propellant tank derived space station business case

Delta IV propellant tank derived space station business case

Delta IV CBC stage without its engine is 20 metric tons wich is 8 MT tons less than Delta Heavy to LEO

The Stage atop the Delta IV Heavy would reach above 92 meters

The stage as space station would require a robust stage adapter (weight?)An option would be to design a stage adapter between the future Vulcan first stage and a Delta IV derived space station

The stage would need a 4-way docking port forward and aft and in the LH2 &LO2  intertank area (weight?)weight issues might lead us to have one simple docking collar with approach radar and a 4-way docking mechanism in the intertank region and aft.

This is 12 docking ports and is the business case along with the cubic meters offered by the Delta IV derived space station.The length of this space station places the docking port well clear of the existing ISS geometry if docked there.The original ISS had long X, Y & Z Keels, and backup this EELV derived space stations expands the geometry of the ISS outwards.

EELV derived space stations as stand-alone stations provide docking and backup about options for other space station stations buy and sell to one another power and docking space as well as consumables.An EELV derived space station could be lofted with Gases propellants and oxidizer and generate power with the ULA proposed internal combustion engine for power and space station reboost and would produce a great deal of residual H2O.In another blog post we proposed the ULA ACES internal combustion engine could burn a mix of ISS produced methane and GH2/GO2.

EELV derived space station architectures expand the payback on invested EELV manufacturing capacity, this might make the case for white tail Delta IV common core boosters left in partially unfinished state in order to modify into space stations later.ULA has a pie chart that explains the manufacturing costs of launch vehicles, it’s the engines that make up much of the costs so EELV derived space stations might be a profit and marketing center for EELV manufacturers.

Distributed launch of Noble gasses SEP propellant for Noble gas pressurized habitats

Distributed launch of Noble gasses SEP propellant for Noble gas pressurized habitats

Come back later today or tomorrow for the results or read our previous posts on dual use habitats as SEP propellant tanks and as habitats. Might require distributed launch of breathable atmosphere.Look up ULA’s Distributed launch.

SpaceX Dragon auto gyrating helicopter as planetary descent probe

SpaceX Dragon auto gyrating helicopter as planetary descent probe

would this work for planetary atmosphere probes and/or soft landers?

Kickstarter campaign to raise funds to hire a SBIR grant writer

Kickstarter campaign to raise funds to hire a SBIR grant writer

(A)(1) Hire the SBIR professional writer you propose to hire for that SBIR proposal to write with you the Kickstarter campaign.

(A)(2) Design the kickstarter to account for phases of research not funded by SBIR or to perform low cost research before SBIR win.

(A)(3) write design the Kickstarter campaign to account for Phase I SBIR loss but set up the possibility to perform research on a Phase II SBIR.This means the Kickstarter might be able to fund Phase I with appropriate rewards to donors

(B)(1) A related idea that can be used in conjunction with the Kickstarter campaign to raise funds to hire a SBIR grant writer would be this earlier post;                                        

 (C)(1) Use Kickstarter IndieGoGo funds to transfer to NASA space act agreement  NASA center work on behalf of our terrestrial & cislunar exploration technologies start up.

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