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Titan Dragonfly 2.0; A flying Titan lake lander

(A)(1) This concept proposes a near identical lander paid for by our international partners with a pontoon/outrigger landing systems. To avoid pitching over during landing there would be a third smaller pontoon foreword of the lander. (A)(2) This vehicle is manufactured at the APL facility. Is the south polar lakes in summer in 2032?

(A)(3)The purchaser/partner nations would pick their own science teams however there would be an exchange of visiting scientists between these two projects(A)(4) the partner nations may use their own launch vehicles.

Light Rail across the San Rafael Richmond bridge

It appears there are some who have proposed running SMART trains over the San Rafael Bridge Attachment B – Finalists from Transformative Projects

SMART to Richmond via New Richmond-San Rafael Bridge is the study.

William Manley

• _Joseph Naujokas

• _Christopher Sork

• _Sonoma County Transportation & Land Use Coalition

I would like to point out that the SMART trains are heavy diesel engine trains while BART is lighter smaller vehicles.BART vehicles might displace fewer car lanes.

Possibly BART would be impossibly expensive while SMART might be more cost-effective, we would want to do engineering studies with both. Both ideas involve surrendering the third lane and or bicycle lane. Unlike the Sonoma County land use coalition we do not propose a new bridge.

Possible solutions to the loss of the third lane and bicycle lane, Run the train under the roadway, Run a very long train each way single track on the upper and lower deck. Utilizing the existing bridge and not building a new one and using the lighter BART cars is my choice.

The third study option would be an Elon Musk electric transit cars combined with single car tunnel and over the bridge. At first, the single cars (Tesla) would not be owned by individuals. These vehicles would be produced in the Bay Area as they are currently




Duel Employer Multiple degreed pensioned service in science

Duel employer Multiple degrees pensioned service in science

Dear Eleanor

Say you are working full time at the geological survey(civil service pension)
You Join the Navy!
look for these science programs
Active duty Navy officer getting a masters degree! after 5 years go to the Navy reserve unit
you now have 5 years of pension credit in both the military and the civil service
you return to the geological survey from military leave but you want a Navy reserve position with the oceanography command so you can 20 years in the reserves(retirement)
You walk away with a free Masters degree
You would have time at sea under coast guard rules
this could open doors to you past the first ten years
also, you will have something with great value, you Eleanore Ann Rappolee would have something of great value
The post 9/11 Gi bill plus the reserves have something called “TA” tuition assistance, you cant use both at the same time but the post 9/11 gi bill is a free ride through any Ph.D. program
A Navy SWO talks about her career on youtube
In closing, I think there are civil service and military ladders that can lead to a diversity of experience
so many NASA  astronauts have military paid for grad degrees with leadership experience combined with a civilian career
so ask your grandfather he knows about his military civil service carrier and how he combined them both
Steven Rappolee
Terrestrial & Cislunar Exploration technologies at A post 9/11 Veteran owned concern
Address VA CBOC 401 3rd St, San Francisco, CA 94107
Mobile 415 424 1455
Email Website


Attachments area

Preview YouTube video Ocean Careers Profile #1: Navy Oceanography Officer Jen Landry


Synergies between Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) & Cold Tech and Row World Landers

Synergies between Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) & Cold Tech and Row World Landers


Land a CLPS lander in permanent darkness Lunar crater to test ROW world cold tech and to collect data

Seek commonality with Row World landers

Cost engineer this! use CLPS to test Cold Tech and seek the Decadel survey science goals for the Atkinson basin lander

The idea of commonality among ROW world landers argues for a series of ARGOS type flybys of those objects in need of landing site characterizing. Ice Giants would require this but Juice should satisfy landing site characterization   for Callisto and Ganymede

So two Argos Uranus & Neptune flybys to cover unseen hemispheres of ROW worlds, Enceladus LIFE or Plume sample return uses the same spacecraft bus as ARGOS

8 to 10 common ROW world landers designed for the larger ROW worlds but with an engine that can throttle down for the smaller ROW worlds


CLSP and integration of Cold tech and a COTS ROW World program.Lunar night and dark crater test program.


Size the lander for Ganymede at

1.428 m/s2 (0.146 g)[e]


Or The Moon

0.779 m/s2 (0.0794 g)


1.235 m/s2 (0.126 g)[e]


1.62 m/s2  (0.1654 g)[4]


1.314 m/s2 (0.134 g)[e]


0.379 m/s²[e]


0.346 m/s²[c]



Equatorial surface gravity
0.28 m/s2[7]
0.029 g

Mercury dark crater lander! this might have little commonality with any of the others

  • 3.7 m/s2
  • 0.38 g[6]

screencapture-livestream-viewnow-lpsc2019-videos-188950558-2019-03-20-17_03_12This slide might be wrong (Jacob Bleacher) The PPE staged with the Transfer vehicle makes for the better outer planet missions design but a hybrid system might be better

A way to fund or arrange for studies of these ideas

C.30+PMCS+Amend+71 (1)



serially produced Row World landers for planned off the shelf procurement

serially produced Row World landers for planned off the shelf procurement

This an AO management tool meant to allow for Europan lander engineering test model to lead to a Triton lander. The objective here is to build the Lander and its testbed and parts for a third and fourth spacecraft. The parts for the third lander could be anywhere from 30% to 60% of the next vehicle and would be stored until the next AO. At each future AO the 30% to 60% would be offered as government furnished equipment However the proposer and the government must ensure that another flight set of hardware is provided to the next AO.

This could be done on a COTS model where the vendor is guaranteed a flight with a newly competed science team through an AO. A ROW world lander for cryogenic worlds could be landed in a permanently shaded Lunar or Mercury crater as a test flight. This test flight would allow lessons learned from the commercial lunar lander program to be adopted by the ROW world lander program

This process would also allow for more efficient cost engineering and risk reduction of ROW world landers

Most of the larger ROW worlds are similar in size where you could possibly have a 1 size lander. You could then offload propellent or have an oversized lander be a hopper***

*** South Atkinson shaded crater lander

High on the decadel survey priority list, we would want it to do at least one hop. Performs a landing in the dark crater demonstrates Cold Tech hops back out into the sunlight for a longer mission. This common lander must be sized for the larger Icey moons but when landed on a smaller moon could carry more landed cargo.



EOR for Europa Clipper and Ice Giant missions

Bring up Europa Clipper on a ULA ACES upper stage after the SpaceX heavy has brought up the Europa lander(boil off issues) Two launches Europa Clipper and lander dock together nose to nose.

Both stages fire to TJI and the ULA upper stage jettisons.Not sure about what’s next have the orbiter arrive first or have them arrive together? That would be a EOUD or Europa orbit un docking perhaps it best if both spacecraft separate after TJI

Docking also enables sample return

Apollo11-03Delta Heavy and Falcon Heavy could do more for science than for today’s Orion proposal

Orion/Delta V/ICPS Wetlab & Falcon Heavy docked upper stage

So the NASA Administrator may have been cooking this up for some time? We have been blogging for several years about Cislunar wetlabs that recycle spent upper stages at EML-2. The question is are you utilizing three stages here that includes the Orion service module? if you are then the ICPS is most likely being left behind in some less then HEO orbit

ICPS with its boil-off issues means it goes first and is jettisoned and  SpaceX Falcon heavy upper stage docks with Orion, this is a “eyeballs” out TLI after EOR

Orion docked with Falcon heavy second stage with the expended Orion Service module is your poor person’s human-tended space station

It would be more fun to discuss EOR  for Europa Clipper and Ice Giant missions!

Concurrent R&D of a Europan & Triton Landers

Concurrent R&D of a European & Triton Landers

One would very likely fly latter the other so the instruments and flight computer might be manufactured later for the Triton Lander, The Neptune orbiter should arrive first.

The goal is to have 70% commonality between the two landers

Copper mineralization precipitate as a source of arthropod progenitor source of Anthropoid copper circulatory systems

Copper mineralization precipitate as a source of arthropod progenitor source of Anthropoid copper circulatory systems, Imagine Copper mineral veins forming under great depth under the surface of the land interacting with bacteria or in the alternative copper smokers interacting with early deep-sea vent communities. We are looking for explanations of the origins of Hemocyanin.

Jay Parnel et all would source the Copper from weathered Basalt from snowball earth  Neoproterozoic copper cycling, and the rise of metazoans


This would have to have been evolved somewhere after the Anilied Arthropod split from the common ancestor

Hemocyanins and Invertebrate Evolution








This ESOP restaurant start-up and acquisition fund

This blog post is about an idea that for me is almost 30 years old it works like this


One recent idea is that you acquire a 100 percent ESOP that is not leveraged by another ESOP that is 100% leveraged. So one brewpub buys out another and both are ESOPS. This means a long-standing ESOP owned Brewpub is cashing out its employees into the rollover investments and the old and new employees of the acquiring ESOP brewpub start over.

Brewpub A has a leveraged ESOP use the funds to by Brewpub B a long-standing ESOP with fully vested employees. All the Employees at B are cashed out and become employees at A.

This plan allows for continued ESOP participation in the ESOP in the Merged Entity and the cashed out employees could you the cash out to increase rates of homeownership

So I propose to be ESOP B and I might make a deal with a union to use their hiring hall in exchange for paying for my ESOP feasibility studies and incorporation fees (can be $100,000) Some of these ideas are here, the public benefit esop owned restaurant acquisition corporation (1)    And    university of michigan student government as americorps vista-final -2      and another  the jack in the box michigan disability

A new idea is that nonprofit receives a grant to do an ESOP feasibility for its clients to use, This might work for San Francisco’s nonprofit restaurant incubator La Cochina each graduate or group of graduates would have a Leveraged ESOP loan to build a large brick and mortar establishment.

These ESOPS if newly created could operate with a union a training hall, our training hall would be unique in that it would teach culinary and ESOP skills IE the employees would learn how to be employee owners and managers and learn a rarely taught skill union democracy and the duty to properly represent union members.


Edit  25 September 2019



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